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Ghatkopar is a suburb of eastern Mumbai . It is also a railway station serviced by Central Railway line of the Mumbai suburban railway .

 HistoryEdit

Ghatkopar was a quaint village in 1920’s and 30’s. It came under Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai . It was not a part of Mumbai . Mumbai's limits were up to Sion only and Ghatkopar came under district Mumbai Suburban . Like all small community centres, Ghatkopar also had just one principal road connecting it to Mumbai on the Southside and Thane in the north i.e.; Agra road . It was surrounded by creeks and hills.

EtymologyEdit

There are two popularly known theories for the name Ghatkopar :

It derived its name from the fact that it was the Kopara (Marathi for "Corner") of Western Ghats - Ghat-kopra.  It derived its name from the fact that there were many Ghats (Marathi for "Small Hills"), small river near the Eastern Express Highway where a lot of salt pans were there near Ghatkopar, so when people use to direct the way to reach these places they use to call it "Ghat ke oopar ("Above the Hill").[citation needed] Another less popular theory is "Ghatoba-ke-par".

Neighbourhoods and LocalitiesEdit

By 1916, Ghatkopar had developed sufficiently that a municipal council for Ghatkopar-Kirol was set up. The administration was in charge of a Collector with the "Suburban District". In 1945, Ghatkopar was absorbed into Greater Mumbai.

A HERITAGE SITE The entire nation has known the power of lord Shivshankar and one such famous temple of this God is the Jangleshwar Mahadev temple in Ghatkopar.  Apart from Lord Shiv Shankar’s mandir, a hanuman and Maa Durga temple is also situated inside the temple. It is believed that all wishes come true and people from far off places come here to pray. In this shivratri, lakhs of people had visited this temple. It is not just peace and calmness that brings people here, but the attraction is such that believers who enter the temple premises do not want to leave it.Oldest Dargah of Haji Tajamual Hussain well known as Pankesha Baba is situated at Ghatkopar LBS Marg Behind Damodar Park .

Nityanand Nagar is an area in Ghatkopar West area, all communities reside here, there are 3 Masjid ( Gausia Masjid , Noori Masjid , Ahmedi Masjid , ) 1 Baudh Vihar , South Indaian Temple of Ganesha, Mahadev Mandir, Ganesh Mandir, Sai Baba Mandir. One of the oldest Organisation in Nityanand Nagar is " Nityanand Nagar Sarvajanik Ganeshotsav Mandal" at Ganesh maidan adjecnt to LBS Road , it was Established in the year 1955 By Mr. Hussain Khan, Rajaram Shinde & Kevalram Sharma.Jivdaya lane is one of the most safest area in Ghatkopar. Mostly gujratis and marwadis stays here. The name jivdaya lane was derived from jivdaya khatu, a trust which saves the lives of cows, buffalows etc. give them shelter and food. One of the oldest organization in jivdaya lane is Shree Sarvajanik Bal Ganesh Utsav Mandal. This mandal was founded in 1962 and in the year 2011 it will be celebrating its golden jubily ( 50 years). The president of the Mandal is Mr. Nilesh Dattatray Bhor is well known personality in the area. He is an active member of all the activities in Jivadaya lane .

The most popular place in the west is the Sarvodaya temple and the Hindu Sabha hospital , both situated close to the railway station . The hospital also houses the Hindu Sabha Library , which has a very large membership and large collection of Gujarati books and magazines.Jagdusha Nagar is one of the prime developed location in the west. It is named after a famous 13th century, philanthropist and merchant named Sheth Jagdu Shah, who had stored food grains in his vast warehouses and opened the same for common people during drought. Around 60% of families are Jains. Famous School by name North Bombay Welfare Society's High School is also located in this area.

Another popular residential area in the west is Amrut Nagar . Situated along the northern border of Ghatkopar (with Vikroli ), Amrut Nagar houses the Ghatkopar Industrial Estate , an economic zone for manufacturers of motorised spare parts, large and small mechanical instruments and other industrial goods. Popular colonies within Amrut Nagar that have existed since many years are the ONGC colony, BEST quarters, Sagar Park , BTRA (textile research company) quarters, among others. Typical of Ghatkopar, largest community in this locality is that of Gujaratis, although many South Indian communities also reside here. It has direct access by bus to Ghatkopar Railway station (bus no. 416 ), Mahakali Caves /SEEPZ /MIDC in Andheri (bus no. 410 ), Trombay /Chembur (bus no. 380 ) and Vikroli station (bus no. 603 )Himalaya Society in Ghatkopar west area which falls in Asalpha , is specifically well developed residential area with local transport of the BEST route No. 429 from ghatkopar west station . Himalaya society was founded by Mr. Singh, basically from Nainital, bought this small piece of land at cheap price. He wanted Pahadis coming to Mumbai in search of work, to get settled in Himalaya society. He first built 5 buildings, A, B,C,D & E, where only pahadis were staying. Himalaya society was a pahadi colony now is called as a Gujarati colony due to increase in Bhanushali community. Himalaya society has a total of 30+ buildings consisting of different people, Gujaratis, Marathis, Pahadis, Tamils etc. Asalpha is also connected to the Ghatkopar-Andheri link road which has become one of the most busiest roads not only during peak hours but also off peak, which connects to saki naka (Andheri) and Powai . On the Ghatkopar-Andheri link road , just before the larger part of Asalpha , is an area called New Maneklal Estate. This is a very famous landmark in Ghatkopar (W) area. There is a new twin-building there named Silver Harmony, which also has the Bajaj showroom and Abhyudaya Bank at the front. There is also an Old Maneklal Estate near to the telephone exchange of ghatkopar-w, it is really a developing area of ghatkopar-w. There are few famous building like Patel Niwas, Matru Prem, Shankar Shagar etc.

Sarvodaya housing society located on the Sainath Nagar Road on LBS marg is one of the oldest societies where a large Gujarati communities resides contributing to the diverse nature of Ghatkopar(W) . Bhatwadi is one of the most famous areas in Ghatkopar. There are famous temples which includes Shree SiddhiGanesh Mandir , Hanuman Mandir and Mata Mahakali Mandir . One of the Old Machi (fish) Market is also present in this location. It was once called horse shoe valley, because of the horse shoe shaped hills surrounding the area.

Sohrab Baug , a mango orchard spread across 13 acres (53,000 m2), in the western part of Ghatkopar, was sold to the Kapur family by a Parsi agriculturalist. The Kapurs have re-developed this property with several apartment complexes – one in collaboration with Godrej Properties "Grenville Park" and others like "Garden Court" privately . Located in this 13-acre (53,000 m2) property is Grentex & Co, which is a family managed firm, also privately owned by the Kapurs, namely Ravi and Rajeev Kapur, and was incorporated in 1982.Darbar-Ul-Naqshbandiya Foundation (Monastery) in Ghatkopar (W) Chirag Nagar , Parsiwadi , S. K. Kapadiya Chawl, #12.Interestingly Narayan Nagar which is actually located in Ghatkopar (west) is equidistant from Vidyavihar and Kurla .

Siddhi apartment situated in Cama Lane is one of the beautiful & small building. adding cama lane is link road for traffic from east part of city travelling to Airports, Andheri & LBS marg .Little Star English High School is located at Chirag Nagar , D.S Road , Off. L.B.S Marg , the School is run by the Trustess of Ghatkopar Educational & Welfare Society.

Ghatkopar EastEdit

See : Ghatkopar East

Ghatkopar (East) refers to the area that is roughly bound by the Central Railway tracks on the west, the Eastern Express highway (NH3) on the east, Ghatkopar-Andheri link road to the north and MG Road to the south. Comprising mostly middle class and lower middle class residential colonies, its a relatively newer locality. This part of Ghatkopar was largely reclaimed from the marshes and salt pans belonging to the Salt Commissioner in the early 1960s. Prominent localities in Ghatkopar (East) include Pant Nagar , Garodia Nagar and Nath Pai Nagar .

Pant Nagar forms the north part of Ghatkopar (East). Most of the area was mangroves and marsh land, and was reclaimed - sometimes officially, but often on the sly illegally. It is now a middle class residential and commercial area. Pant Nagar neighbours with small colonial groups, like Naidu Colony, Samata Colony and Housing Board association buildings. The Thane end of Ghatkopar Station East opens in Pant Nagar. Pant Nagar is accessible via Patel Chowk (a minute away from the Station), near a small market.

The buildings in Pant Nagar are mainly of the old socialist-style industrial workers' dwellings, probably inspired by similar mass housing structures in the erstwhile Soviet Union. There are mainly two type of buildings; the older ones are typically three storied with two wings and five residencies on each wing. Each residential unit consists of a living room, a kitchen and a bathroom. The stair way in the center of the building serves both wings and leads to a common passage way for entry. The newer ones are four storied, with four residencies on each wing. These buildings are commonly called "Housing Board" buildings.There are also Middle Income Group (MIG) and High Income Group (HIG) buildings consisting of 3 storied structures, 4 flats per floor. Each flat consists of one bedroom-hall-kitchen-balcony and two bedroom-hall-kitchen-balcony respectively. The entire area is being re-developed into Towers with lifts and car parks.

Adjacent to the Ambedkar Udyan is the Samaj Mandir Hall . Pant Nagar was the first place where the famous Labor Union Leader Dr. Datta Samant began his medical practice. In fact the ruins of his residence - cum - clinic remained till 2007, which has now been demolished. Dr. Datta Samant rose to become the most famous Union Leader and was, perhaps, responsible for the demise of the Textile manufacturing business in Mumbai. He was the leader of the labour movement in and around Mumbai, including the Thane and Kalyan industrial belts. Ironically his labour union activism started with helping quarry workers in the stone quarries of Ghatkopar-Vikhroli. These workers were ruthlessly exploited and Dr. Datta Samant's union Kamgar Aghadi helped them win. The Mill strike too was justified as the bulk of the workers worked as temps for their entire lives and were exploited by both, the employers and the incumbent trade unions.The Godrej Group of Industries, have manufacturing facilities and factories just a kilometer north of Pant Nagar and the Godrej Soap Factory is visible from most tall buildings in Pant Nagar . Ghatkopar East also has a BEST Bus Depot, started in 1977. BEST staff colonies, officers' quarters and retired employees housing colonies viz. Udyan Co-op Hsg Society, Rajdoot, Laxmi Nagar , Everest Gardens C.H.S., Rajhans and Casuarina are lined up between the bus depot and the Eastern Express Highway

The southern part of Ghatkopar (East) is Garodia Nagar , a development on salt pan lands owned by the salt Commissioner and leased to Garodia family. A colony of 200-odd mostly three and four storied buildings, Garodia Nagar is now fast transforming into an upper-middle class high rise colony. Most old buildings are being "redeveloped" into seven or eight storied "towers". Earlier residents being of a largely middle class population are being replaced by affluent business communities. The growing wealth in this area is aptly demonstrated by the narrow lanes parked to the brim, with shiny new luxury cars. For a long time during the late seventies and eighties, Garodia Nagar was poorly maintained with bad roads, poor drainage, virtual lack of sewage disposal facilities and water-logging during monsoon. This was primarily due to the fact that Garodia Nagar along with several other similar "private layouts" being neglected by the civic administration . Things considerably improved with the formation of the Garodia Nagar Residents Association and the various Advanced Locality Management organizations (a quasi-civic body run mostly by residents), who worked with the elected representatives and municipal authorities to highlight the lack of civic amenities. Garodia Nagar now boasts of well surfaced roads, effective drainage and sewage disposal systems and a couple of jogging tracks in landscaped garden s.South of Garodia Nagar is Barrister Nath Pai Nagar a middle class locality bordering Chembur. Mr. R.V. Pinto, a Deputy Establishment Officer, Central Complex at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, was the major initiator in building the first road and the first building of Nath Pai Nagar (Dev Kripa Bldg), which has a distinct tripartite architectural structure.

There are many schools in Ghatkopar (both east and west), namely Hindi High school, Shivaji Technical school & Jr. college and Municipality School (serves from 1st standard through 7th standard), Dominic Savio Vidyalaya, Fatima High School, North Mumbai High School, Gurukul High School & Jr. college, SPRJK trust girls school, M.D.Bhatia English Medium School, Ramji Ashar Gujarati Shala, P. G. Garodia English High School, S.V.D.D Eng. Med. School, Vidya Bhavan (both Marathi and English medium) managed by Pune Vidyarthi Gruha.

There is also a huge mall that has come up the LBS marg known as R-city, a huge mall with includes all the national and international brands, Some of the most known are Big Bazaar, Pantaloon, Body shop and many more. padmini niwas is site of nala

DemographicsEdit

This suburb consists of predominantly residential and retail establishments . Meghraj Restaurant marked its presence when they started next to Hindu Smashan Bhumi. The area later on developed up to Amar Mahal. The Income Tax Office came in late 1980s.Vikrant Building was the largest building in late 1970s named after navy ship Vikrant. Construction activities in Ghatkopar boomed in 1960s to 1980s. The prices of real estate went up as new buildings started coming up.

In the late 1970s another residential complex 'JAGDUSHA NAGAR' was built by a Gujarati builder in Ghatkopar (W). The area now has a cosmopolitan crowd but mainly Gujratis. It has a Co-operative bank, a newly built Mahadev Mandir and Jain Derasar. This area is connected to Ghatkopar station by BEST route 416, which takes around 10 minutes to reach Ghatkopar Railway station.Shrimad Rajchandra Mandir was constructed after Lions Garden was opened. This temple did not have any bells hanging from the ceiling and the road is now named after the temple as Shrimad Rajchandra Marg.R. B. Mehta Road has three banks, Standard Chartered Bank, Bank of Maharashtra and Canara Bank. Paras Dairy next to Standard Chartered Bank at intersection of Derasar Lane and R. B. Mehta Road, was a major distributor for milk.

There is a Bhajan Samaj Mandir on 90 feet (27 m) road, which started from a humble beginning and now is one of the main cultural centres for South Indians who live in and around Garodia Nagar. The Ram Navami utsav is celebrated with a rich cultural flavour. Every evening during the festival the Ramayana is recited by some of the Sanskrit scholars. The festival also provides a stage for some of the budding artists to perform in front of a big audience. The 90 feet (27 m) road also has the distinction of housing a large number of Banks. To name a few : Bank of Maharashtra, Kalyan Janata Sahakari Bank, Janakalyan Sahakari Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, Bank of Rajasthan, State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur, Oriental Bank of Commerce, etc. whereas ICICI Bank is located just near the junction of Vallabhbag Lane and 90 feet (27 m) Road.

AdministrationEdit

Ghatkopar lies in the N ward of Mumbai (previously referred to as Bombay) municipality. There are four postal codes connected to Ghatkopar. 400077 for Ghatkopar (East), 400084 [Bhatwadi] and 400086 for Ghatkopar (West), Amrut Nagar and 400075 for Pant Nagar. The post office of Ghatkopar East is in Rajawadi. The post office for Ghatkopar West is near the Railway Station.

Local TransportEdit

Mumbai Suburban RailwayEdit

Ghatkopar is a stop for slow local trains as well as most fast local trains on the Central line of the Mumbai suburban network. The station is equipped to handle 12-car local trains. There are 2 Ghatkopar local trains which originate from Ghatkopar in the morning. These primarily serve the stock brokers who live in Ghatkopar area.

B.E.S.T. BusesEdit

Ghatkopar is well served and well connected by the buses operated by the state-owned BEST. Initially the bus services in Ghatkopar East were routed through M. G. Road. Later on, the buses started plying on R. B. Mehta Road, starting with Route 386. This route is now discontinued. R. B. Mehta Road was served with route number 353 which came from Tagore Nagar, ending in Wadala Bus Depot. As the roads in the new constructed areas of Garodia Nagar, were built wider, bus routes in Garodia Nagar flourished.

The BEST also connects Ghatkopar to almost each and every part of Mumbai as you get buses for South Mumbai, Western Mumbai, North East Mumbai and Northern Mumbai. Ideally it is almost a center point of Mumbai almost equidistant for all places.BEST bus no. 340 covers the route from Ghatkopar (W) station, via Ghatkopar-Andheri link road to Sakinaka, and finally to Andheri (E) station. This bus no. has a very good frequency.BEST bus no. 421 covers the route from Ghatkopar (W) station, via Ghatkopar-Andheri link road to Chandivali, and finally to Filterpada bus depot. This bus no. also has some buses which cover the route only from Ghatkopar (W) station to Chandivali (ICICI Bank landmark).

RoadsEdit

The suburb is well connected to all major portions of the city. The major roads in this suburb are Mahatma Gandhi Road, R.B.Mehta Marg (60 ft Road), Barrister Nath Pai Marg (90 feet Road), Tilak Road, Mumbai-Agra Road, and Amar Mahal Road. 60 feet (18 m) Road was named as Ratilal B. Mehta Road in 1970s. The land was mainly marshy, which was filled up to make way for Garodia Nagar.

Vallabh Baug Lane and M. G. Road intersection (Ghatkopar East) was one of the earlier market area. With an Uma Mahesh temple, Gandhi Market, Somaiya Book Depot, Bharti Jewellers, Ratanshi Khimji Patel, Udupi Restaurant, this area is a lively and crowded area in evenings. This intersection marks the beginning of what is called "Khao-Galli" by the locals, which means "food-lane", due to the large number of street food vendors. The open air Dosa eatery and Pooja Malai Gola are definitely the highlights. The next intersection of Tilak Road and Vallabh Baug Lane serves as a smaller market area. This intersection is famous for Achija's Pav bhaji and grilled sandwiches which is open until very late in the evening and into the wee hours of morning during weekends. After a satisfying meal people head to Trivedi's Paan Shop to have Paan. Shops nearby sell a unique soft drink called Masala Thums Up or Masala Coke, essentially cola with a dash of lime and digestive Chat Masala. A must try.

Vallabhbaug lane starting from Mahatma Gandhi Road initially terminated at 90 feet (27 m) road and was later extended to Garodia Nagar and Shanti Park. This stretch is now known as Vallabhbaug Extension.

Mumbai Metro ProjectEdit

The Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar Metro corridor of the Mumbai Metro project will be a 11.07 km long double line corridor on an elevated viaduct. The route will use Standard Gauge air-conditioned trains with 12 elevated stations.[2] It will have a carrying capacity of 60,000 persons per hour and the commuting time on the entire stretch would be 21 minutes. Today the commuting time between Versova and Ghatkopar is 70 minutes. Line 1 operations are now expected to start in May 2014 .

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